A Brief History of Endurance Testing in Athletes
Sportscience 15, 40-86, 2011 (sportsci.org/2011/ss.htm)
University of Agder, Faculty of Health and Sport, Kristiansand 4604, Norway. Email. Reviewers: Frank Katch, former Chair and Professor of Exercise Science, University of Massachusetts, Amherst; Will Hopkins, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, NZ; Mattin Buchheit, Aspire Academy for Sports Excellence, Doha, Qatar.
Hundreds of laboratories around the world perform physiological testing on endurance athletes as part of ongoing assessment or research projects. Three core variables are routinely measured: the maximal oxygen consumption, the lactate threshold, and work economy or efficiency. In 2010, I gave a lecture to the Norwegian sports medicine congress in which I traced the development of this triad through the key investigators and seminal papers that influenced their acceptance. This article contains the slideshow I presented in that lecture.
History lectures are dangerous: one is forced to compromise completeness for the sake of flow and focus. My organizing theme was the current physiological performance model for endurance and the laboratory-based testing of endurance athletes. I also focused on classical studies that emerged through evaluation of citations. I had to filter out a large amount of interesting history related to field tests, fitness testing, cardiovascular risk assessment and so on. Note also that, while I focused on the “standard endurance testing model”, this lecture is not an endorsement of all aspects of that testing regime and it does not explore in depth the research that supported or questioned the underlying mechanistic paradigm. So, accepting those caveats, I hope the material is useful to students of exercise physiology who sometimes have no time to think about the big sweep of historical developments in their field as they race to add new pieces to their physiological jigsaw. Key references are included in the slideshow.
The reprint pdf contains this introductory article with a printer-friendly version of the slideshow and speaker's notes (one slide and notes per page). Some of the images in the pdf are of poor quality that cannot be improved, owing to an insoluble problem with the conversion. Use the pdf in parallel with the slideshow if you want to read the notes as you view the slides full screen. Alternatively view the notes in the presentation itself by selecting the Notes Page view or the Normal view.
Published Nov 2011