TRAINING & PERFORMANCE at sportsci.org


     This page is an index for all the articles at the Sportscience site that relate to training and competition strategies for enhancing performance. Articles within each topic are sorted by date, with the most recent at the top.
     For external links to information about training, go to the
Training Links extension of the Net Links page.
Cycling  
Environmental Factors
Endurance
General Training and Performance
Skill
Strength

Swimming


Cycling
2005 High-Resistance Interval Training Improves 40-km Time-Trial Performance in Competitive Cyclists. Amy Taylor-Mason. Resistance training in the competition phase boosts power by ~7%. Commentary. Carl Paton.
  Competitive Performance of Elite Olympic-Distance Triathletes: Reliability and Smallest Worthwhile Enhancement. Carl Paton and Will Hopkins. Aim for a gain of at least 1% in the run stage. Commentary. Brendon Downey.
1997-
1998
Cycling Uphill and Downhill by David Swain. Wind resistance determines a pacing strategy for hills.


Environmental Factors (altitude, cold, heat, time zones)
2003 Precooling for Performance in the Tropics. Matt Brearley, James Finn. Cool off before an endurance event in the heat for gains of a few percent.
  A Model of Wind and Altitude Effects on 110-m Hurdles. Joshua Spiegel, Jonas Mureika. A simulation study aimed at adjusting race times.
2002 Little Effect of Training in the Heat on Cycling Performance at Normal Temperature. Jo Morrison, Will Hopkins, Gord Sleivert. July 4
1999:

Symposium on Altitude Training and Research at Flagstaff by Natalie B Harlan. Bridging the gap between science and coaching in the field of altitude training.


 1997-1998:

Ice Jackets are Cool by David Martin et al. This pre-cooling strategy improves endurance performance in hot conditions.

Altitude Training for Sea-Level Competition

Arnie Baker and Will Hopkins

Altitude: Acclimatization to Intermediate Altitudes

Luanne Hallagan and Edwin Pigman

Heat Acclimatization

Lawrence Armstrong

Jet Lag: Symptoms and Treatment

Thomas Riley


Endurance
2009 The Improbable Central Governor of Maximal Endurance Performance. Will Hopkins. An overview of a recent debate in J Appl Physiol.
  Intervals, Thresholds, and Long Slow Distance: the Role of Intensity and Duration in Endurance Training. Stephen Seiler and Espen Tønnessen. Reconciling research and practice. Commentary. Steve Ingham. 
2006 One Hundred and Fifty Years of Rowing Faster. Stephen Seiler. A tutorial lecture on limitations to rowing performance presented at the ACSM 2006 meeting.
2004 Effects of High-intensity Training on Performance and Physiology of Endurance Athletes. Carl Paton and Will Hopkins. Gains of ~8% with some forms of resistance training.
2001:

Effects of High-Intensity Intermittent Training on Endurance Performance, by Christian Finn. All-out short bouts for long events.

 1997-1998:

Pacing: A Matter of Strategy

John Hawley

Taper for Endurance Athletes.

John Hawley

Training and Competing in the Mystery Zone

Gordon Sleivert

Resistance Training and Endurance Performance

John Hawley


General Training and Performance
2009 The Second International Congress of Complex Systems in Sport. James Croft, Chris Button and Matt Dicks. Theory and practice of skills and strategies.
  Sport Performance at the Oslo Conference of the European College of Sport Science. Will Hopkins . The latest training and other strategies.
2008 Polyphenol Supplements and Other Strategies for Athletes at the ACSM Annual Meeting. Will Hopkins. Performance enhancement in Indianapolis, May 28-31.
  Sports Nutrition and More at the 2008 AAESS Conference. Patria Hume and Carl Paton. "From research to practice" in Melbourne last March.
  The 2008 Pre-Olympic Conference on Science, Education and Medicine in Sport. Patria Hume, Stephen Kara, Liesel Geertsema and Celeste Geertsema. Highlights of five days in Guangzhou.
2007 Betaine, Hyperventilation, Hyperimmune Egg Protein and Other Novelties for Performance at the 2007 ACSM Annual Meeting. Will Hopkins. Performance enhancement in New Orleans, May 30-June2. Commentary. Stephen Seiler.
2006 Viagra at Altitude and Other Performance-Related Highlights of the ACSM 2006 Annual Meeting. Will Hopkins. Performance enhancement from the Denver conference, May 31-June3. Commentary. Stephen Seiler.
2005 Competitive Performance of Elite Track-and-Field Athletes: Variability and Smallest Worthwhile Enhancements. Will Hopkins. Gains of 0.3-0.5% for elite track athletes and 0.9-1.5% for elite field athletes are worthwhile. Commentary. Esa Peltola.
  Competitive Performance of Elite Olympic-Distance Triathletes: Reliability and Smallest Worthwhile Enhancement. Carl Paton and Will Hopkins. Aim for a gain of at least 1% in the run stage. Commentary. Brendon Downey.
 2001:
Barefoot Running, by Michael Warburton. Evidence of less injury and more speed without shoes.
Athletic Performance at the 2001 ACSM Meeting, by Will Hopkins. A report on the American College of Sports Medicine's annual research-fest.
Mitochondrial DNA and Maximum Oxygen Consumption, by Matt Brearley and Shi Zhou. Genes for the subcellular powerhouse have an unclear effect on aerobic power.
Genes, Training, and other Constraints on Individual Performance, by Keith Davids. Dynamical systems theory may help us deal with individual athletes.
Genes and Training for Performance Revisited, by Joseph Baker. Training may be more important in cognitive sports.
Genes and Training for Athletic Performance, by Will Hopkins. Athletes are born and made.
Jane Goodall: A Model for Sport Scientists, by Dave Martin

 2000:

Annual Conference of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences by Richard Davison. The best of British sport science.

Limits to Performance by Will Hopkins

Highlights of the Third International Altitude-Training Symposium, by Peter Pfitzinger. Training, nutritiional and other advice on altitude exposure from the experts.


 1999:

Performance Enhancement at the Fifth IOC Congress on Sport Sciences by Carl Paton and Will Hopkins. Highlights of the recent international meeting in Sydney.

Ace Gene in Doubt by Will Hopkins

Hypoxic-Muscle Update by Will Hopkins

Polarized Training and Hypoxic Muscles by Will Hopkins. Highliights of the annual meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine.


 1997-1998:

Performance Gene Discovered by Will Hopkins

African Genes

Will Hopkins

The Gender Gap

Stephen Seiler

Beefing Up to Win (American Football)

Frank Katch

Abdominal Exercises

Duane Knudson

Sit-Up Put-Down

Duane Knudson

The Trial and Error Method

John Hawley


Skill
 1997-1998:

Acquiring [Motor] Skills

Trish Shewokis

Just Do It

Trish Shewokis

Practice Strategy

Trish Shewokis

Review of Sport Vision

Duane Knudson

Looks Good for Hockey

Sherylle Calder

"Thinking Out Loud" in Orienteering

Bjørn Johansen


Strength
2000:

Should Female Gymnasts Lift Weights? by William Sands and colleagues. Gaining strength without muscle hypertrophy.

1999:

A New Weights Machine with Dynamically Adjustable Resistance by Fred Hatfield. Novel technology for the gym.

The Power Clean vs the Power Pull for Strength Training by Rob Nicholson. Summary of a recent list discussion.


1997-1998:

One Set or More? by Fred Hatfield

How They Train. Conditioning methods of world champion boxer Evander Holyfield

Fred Hatfield


Swimming
1997-1998:

Learn from Nature's Competitive Swimmers by Edwin DeMont. Aquatic animals avoid making waves, and they use unsteady fluid dynamics to generate force.


1997-1998:

Making a Splash by Andy Stewart and Hideki Kagaki. The VIII International Symposium of Biomechanics and Medicine in Swimming, Jyvaskyla, Finland.

Lift or Drag? Let's Get Skeptical About Freestyle Propulsion

Ross Sanders


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Last updated 10 Jan 02